Most people already know that hypertension is an increase in blood pressure on the arterial walls. The main factor for heart disease is high blood pressure, stroke, and kidney failure. It is estimated that 25% of men and 18% of women are hypertensive.
This chronic condition of high blood pressure can be due to changes in the arteries, kidneys, or hormonal disorders, and can be the source of other problems such as cerebral hemorrhage.
Mostly, blood pressure is caused due to 2 main factors, the amount of blood circulating and the diameter of the arteries through which it circulates. The kidneys control the volume of water circulating and the amount of salt in the body.
These factors have direct effects on high blood pressure: the more salt in the body, the more water is retained in the circulation and the higher the blood pressure can increase, which in turn can increase the tendency of the arteries to become narrower. People should know that in most cases, the origin of high blood pressure is not identified.
In all other cases, it is secondary to dysfunction of the kidneys, adrenal glands, thyroid, stress, etc. Pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives can cause high blood pressure in some women.
The symptoms of hypertension are not very many, some people have headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tingling in the fingertips, etc.
If you want to keep your blood pressure at the right levels, consider the following tips:
- Try as much as possible to maintain a proper weight
- Do sports daily or at least 3 times a week
- Avoid stress
- Do not smoke
- Reduce your intake of alcoholic beverages, coffee, tea, and cola.