In our environment many factors can make most of the food consumed by humans, to be contaminated and having consequences on health or quality of life.
The pollution on food can be a seriously problem on the human body.
We all know that food is vital and plays one of the fundamental role in the maintenance of life on planet earth because it give us nutritional, social and psychological benefits.
Therefore, food contamination appear when nutritional items are altered by materials, substances and chemical compounds that are a risk to the health of the consumer.
The classification or types of food contamination are mainly; natural by toxins, physical by any object, chemical by chemical and biological compound that includes viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, prions and others.
That is, the types of food contaminants are processed as acrylamide, natural as mycotoxins, man-made as nitrates and other contaminants such as heavy metals, waste, pesticides and medicines.
So the biggest causes of food contamination are: the manipulative person, poor hygienic and agricultural practice, biological control in the waters, poor storage, cross contamination, organic or inorganic substances, natural products, garbage, pests, heavy materials , toxic substance: pesticides, medications, solvents, pathogens or biological agents, environmental alterations and many other factors.
The main consequences or effects of food contamination are:
- Impact on the central nervous system
- Metabolic ilnesses
- Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tissues
- Fever, fatigue, malaise, dehydration, malnutrition, headache,
- Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain
- Diseases and viruses such as salmonellosis, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, gastroenteritis, botulism, Norovirus, hepatitis A and others
In conclusion, the contamination of food on the planet is a product of anthropogenic activity and natural factors that alter the natural quality of these nutritional substances.
Undoubtedly, this contamination is caused by physical hazards such as crystalline objects, chemical hazards such as toxic substances and biological hazards by bacterial microorganisms.
Definitely, the main measures to prevent or prevent food contamination are; information or education, prevention and proper handling, personal hygiene, avoid cross contamination, reduce environmental pollution, avoid room temperature, refrigeration, boil water, hand washing, hygienic habits, cook food well, be in good health , conservation, surveillance and pest control.